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(From our "Quarterly Magazine")
"The Pentangled Crown"
By : Deborah Susan Jones : Editor
Chiaroscuro is an Italian artistic term used to describe the dramatic effect of contrasting areas of light and dark in an artwork, particularly paintings.
It comes from the combination of the Italian words for "light" and "dark."
This particular drawing explores the idea of confining the effect of "light and dark" to a specific area in a work, in this case, focusing on the eyes of the face.
A pentagram, or pentacle, a symbol that usually looks like a star in a circle, but in this case, in a square frame.
A five-pointed star, a 'pentangle', 'star pentagon', or 'pentalpha' all mean the same thing and originally meant 'any symbol that protects against evil spirits' and its origins and earliest earliest known depictions originate from the Near East and Egypt. In Egyptian hieroglyphics the pentagram enclosed in a circle meant the netherworld – the underworld where the dead roamed.
In ancient Mesopotamia pentagrams originate from a similar period, 3200BC, and have been found on a tablet and pottery and later depictions in Sumerian and Akkadian cuneiform texts refer to the five-pointed star as showing the regions of the inhabited world. They may also have represented planetary alignments, with Ishtar ‘Goddess of the Heavens’ at the top.
Thus; over time the pentagram has appeared in a huge range of cultures and belief-systems, and meanings have varied in each one.
You can "make of it what you will".
In this drawing, the frowning, almost angry character, is irritated by, perhaps, trying to understand exactly what the meaning of his being enwrapped, crowned, by the pentacle, entangled in it, thus, he has been "pentangled".
Deborah Susan Jones, Writer.